Diabetes mellitus DM, commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. Prevention and treatment involve maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding use of tobacco. The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are unintended weight loss, polyuria increased urination, polydipsia increased thirst, and polyphagia increased hunger. Several other signs and symptoms can mark the onset of diabetes although they are not specific to the disease.
Losing weight and having a more healthful diet can often File. Archived PDF from the original on New York: Facts On help defijition the disease.
Treatment-related low blood sugar hypoglycemia is common in people with type 1 and also type 2 diabetes depending on the medication being used. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is classified into four broad categories: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, and “other specific types”. It is essential that people measure insulin carefully and eat a consistent diet that balances blood sugar levels as much as possible. Lost blood volume is replaced osmotically from water in body cells and other body compartments, causing dehydration and increased thirst polydipsia. Main article: Epidemiology of diabetes. This is the most common type of diabetes, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and it has strong links with obesity.
Learn how your glomerular filtration rate GFR serves as an indicator of kidney function. Physical inactivity, race, and certain health problems such as high blood pressure also affect your.
People with prediabetes are, however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although they do not usually experience the symptoms of full diabetes. Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant.